Neptune Suction vs Medical Suction

Neptune 3 is a negative pressure suction waste management system use in the operating room designed to securely handle surgical waste fluids. By seamlessly collecting, transporting, and disposing of these fluids, it enhances safety for medical staff and optimizes operational efficiency within the operating room.

A medical suction is a negative pressure suction that operate from a vacuum pump or suction generator that creates negative pressure. This system use in all health care setting in emergency situations, surgical procedures, and various clinical interventions. It ensures the prompt removal of bodily fluids, maintaining airways and preventing complications.

Neptune waste management system
Neptune waste management system

On the other hand, The Neptune 3 Waste Management System, featuring the E-SEP Smoke Evacuation Pencil and Floor Fluid Disposables, serves as a comprehensive defense against potential operating room risks. From maintaining the cleanliness of the operating room floor to ensuring the purity of the air you inhale, it provides a multi-faceted safeguard. Additionally, its ability to securely contain surgical fluid and smoke is equally advantageous for the well-being of your patient.

Neptune waste management system vs regular medical vacuum suction

Neptune waste management system vs regular medical vacuum suction

What is the Neptune 3

The Neptune Waste Management Suction is an essential medical electrical device utilized in the operating room to efficiently suction and contain surgical fluids, smoke, as well as airborne pathogens.

  • The Neptune Waste Management Suction features numerous suction range indicators coupled with prominent audio alerts for high suction levels.
  • It incorporates an integrated smoke evacuator.
  • The Seal Shut Technology ensures the secure containment of suctioned biohazards.

The Neptune 3 stands out as the sole waste management system in the market that maintains a continuous closed-loop operation. This unique feature enables the ongoing containment of surgical fluids, smoke, and airborne pathogens. Additionally, the Neptune 3 comes equipped with an integrated system of HEPA and ULPA filters, setting a new standard for filtration capabilities.

Neptune 3 suction front and side

Neptune 3 suction front and side

For years, healthcare professionals have acknowledged the inherent risk of exposure to dangerous contaminants and pathogens in their line of duty. Two decades ago, an operating room nurse revolutionized this landscape by creating the inaugural iteration of the Neptune 3. This groundbreaking invention established a higher standard of care, ensuring secure suction and the effective containment of surgical fluids.

Stryker received FDA clearance 12/30/2013.Five years of research and development went into the Neptune 3 System, a multi-tasking device that places focus where it belongs: on safety and efficiency.

How does the Neptune waste Management works

  1. Vacuum Source: Medical suction devices typically have a vacuum pump or suction generator that creates negative pressure.
  2. Suction Catheter or Tube: A suction catheter or tube is inserted into the area where the suction is needed. This could be the mouth, nose, throat, airway, or a surgical site.
  3. Application of Negative Pressure: When the vacuum source is activated, negative pressure is applied through the suction catheter or tube.
  4. Fluid Removal: The negative pressure created by the vacuum source causes fluids, such as blood, saliva, mucus, or other secretions, to be drawn into the catheter or tube.
  5. Collection Container: The fluids are then collected in a container attached to the suction device, preventing them from re-entering the body.
  6. Regulation and Monitoring: Medical professionals regulate and monitor the suction process to ensure it is effective without causing harm to the patient.
Neptune on quick wash cycle
Neptune on quick wash cycle

Functions of the Neptune

  1. The I.V Pole -this pole can extend up and down for different purposes ,for example when we are doing a cystoscopy or ureteroscopy this pole serve as our hanging device for irrigation fluids and can hold 4 bags of fluids at a time. It helps allow gravity of the fluid to take its course as pole is extended higher. Over the years it has improve the way we do percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The up and down can be control by a touch screen situated on the Neptune 3 itself.
Neptune I.V pole and touch screen display

Neptune I.V pole and touch screen display

2. Smoke evacuation suction- this helps evacuate smoke during surgery when surgeon is cauterizing .we would hook the cautery pencil smoke evacuation hose to the Neptune this come with 3 sizes.

Neptune smoke evacuator display of the 3 different sizes

Neptune smoke evacuator display of the 3 different sizes

3. TWO COLLECTION CANISTER -The Neptune have 2 fluid Connection Canister

  • TOP COLLECTION CANISTER-this is the smaller of both, it is at the top section of the Neptune and holds 4L of fluids 4000mls.It can empty into the second canister.
  • BOTTOM COLLECTION CANISTER-This is the bigger collection canister and is at the lower section of the Neptune, it can hold 20L of fluids 20,000mls.
Neptune top collection canister

Neptune top collection canister

top of Neptune

top of Neptune

top and bottom Neptune canister

top and bottom Neptune canister

4. SUCTION FILTERS– Neptune comes with suction filters that is attached to suction hose during surgery, each filter has 4 hole allowing multiple suctions to be used at the same time ,at least 8 suction can be used at the same time without interruption to function. they trap and filter out particle entering the canisters and can sometimes get clog with bone particles ,tissue and clot

Neptune suction Filters

Neptune suction Filters

Neptune filter goes In front

Neptune filter goes In front

extra filter can be stored at back of Neptune

extra filter can be stored at back of Neptune

5. TOUCH SCREEN CONTROL-After plugging in Neptune waste management system to electric the on button at the back is switch on and then then touch screen control panel automatically appears.it has a menu and all the functions you need to apply is there.

Touch screen setting for the Neptune
Touch screen setting for the Neptune
Control Panel of the Neptune

Control Panel of the Neptune

Suction Limit display
Suction Limit display

6. WHEELS-Neptune comes on wheels that has a brake system on them. It can move very easily from on place to another .

7. RESET VOLUMES -the Neptune has a reset volume tab on the screen that can reset the volume from last procedure to zero ,so you don’t have to empty the canister to start another procedure this save time between turn over in the operating room.

Neptune on wheels
Neptune on wheels

8. HEPA FILTER and ULPA filters: Waste management systems often deal with hazardous materials or substances that may pose health risks if released into the atmosphere. HEPA and ULPA filters can help contain these materials by capturing particles and preventing their release.

HEPA filter from the Neptune waste management
HEPA filter from the Neptune waste management

By filtering out particles and contaminants, these filters help protect sensitive equipment and machinery within the waste management system from damage or malfunction. Additionally, they contribute to maintaining a safer working environment for personnel by reducing their exposure to harmful substances.

ULPA filters and HEPA filter on the Neptune
ULPA filters and HEPA filter on the Neptune

Care and Cleaning of the Neptune.

docking station of the Neptune
docking station of the Neptune
docking the Neptune
docking the Neptune

The Neptune waste management System has a very unique way of cleaning and care. In order for hospital to care for and clean the system, multiple docking station were erected in operating room and department. The Neptune waste management system has the ability to quick wash and extended wash.

illustration of the Neptune docking station.

illustration of docking the Neptune to be clean and wash
illustration of docking the Neptune to be clean and wash

Health care worker docking the Neptune after use. This docking station will empty and do wash cycle on the Neptune before it can be release from the dock. Ready to be Release will be display on screen to let you know wash cycle is complete and Neptune is ready to be use again.

Neptune attaching to Dock
Neptune attaching to Dock
Neptune attached to dock
Neptune attached to dock

Disadvantages of the Neptune

  • The use of strong suction for a chest tube can be highly detrimental and is not recommended.
  • not recommended for use in suction of airway.
  • Not Recommended for neonatal suctioning.
  • Suction is very strong and can cause damages to tissue if intensity is to high, use as recommended by Manufacturer.
  • Dependence on Electrical Power: Most medical vacuum suction systems rely on electricity. In the event of a power outage or malfunction, it may not be available, potentially compromising patient care.
  • Noise and Vibration: The operation of a medical vacuum suction system can produce noticeable levels of noise and vibration, potentially causing discomfort for both patients and healthcare providers.
Neptune suction in the OR
Neptune suction in the OR

Medical Vacuum Suction

Medical vacuum suction, often referred to as suction or suctioning, is a crucial medical procedure used to remove unwanted fluids, secretions, or foreign materials from a patient’s body, primarily in surgical and clinical settings. This is achieved by creating a controlled vacuum or negative pressure environment that facilitates the extraction of fluids or other substances through specialized suctioning equipment.

regular Medical suction.

regular Medical suction.

Medical vacuum suction is commonly employed in various healthcare scenarios:

  1. Surgical Procedures: During surgery, suction is used to remove blood, bodily fluids, and other materials from the surgical site, providing a clear field of view for the surgical team.
  2. Respiratory Care: It is utilized to clear mucus, saliva, or other secretions from the airways of patients who have difficulty coughing or clearing their own airways, such as those under anesthesia or with certain medical conditions.
  3. Emergency Care: Suction devices are essential in emergency situations to clear the airway of an unconscious or choking individual.
  4. Wound Care: In wound management, suction can be used to remove excess fluids, debris, or exudate from wounds to facilitate healing.
  5. Dental Procedures: In dentistry, suction devices are commonly used to remove saliva, water, and debris from the patient’s mouth during procedures.
  6. Neonatal Care: In neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), specialized suction devices are used to clear the airways of premature or ill infants.
  7. Gastrointestinal Procedures: Suction is utilized in endoscopy and other gastrointestinal procedures to remove excess fluids, secretions, or debris, providing a clear view of the digestive tract.
  8. Labor and Delivery: Suction may be used during childbirth to clear the baby’s airway of mucus and amniotic fluid if necessary.
Emergency cart mobile suction.

Emergency cart mobile suction.

Medical vacuum systems are designed to maintain a specific level of negative pressure and are equipped with various attachments and settings to accommodate different types of procedures and patient needs. These systems are an integral part of healthcare facilities and play a crucial role in maintaining a clean and sterile environment during medical procedures.

Some limitations of medical suction

  1. Risk of Contamination: If not properly maintained, the system can become a source of infection. Contaminated suction systems can potentially introduce pathogens into patients.
  2. Noise and Vibration: Operating a medical vacuum suction system can generate noise and vibration, which may be uncomfortable for patients and healthcare providers.
  3. Limited Mobility: Some suction units are stationary and need to be plugged into a wall outlet. This limits their use in situations where mobility is required, such as during patient transfers.
  4. Size and Portability: While there are portable suction units available, they may not be as powerful as stationary units and may require more frequent emptying of the collection canister.
Small portable medical suction
Small portable medical suction

5. Collection Canister Capacity: The capacity of the collection canister is finite, and if not monitored and emptied regularly, it can lead to a loss of suction effectiveness.

6. Potential for Tissue Damage: If not used correctly or if excessive suction pressure is applied, it can lead to tissue trauma, particularly in delicate or sensitive areas.

7. Risk of Airway Complications: In certain cases, particularly with aggressive suctioning, there’s a potential risk of inducing airway complications, such as bronchospasm or hypoxia.

8. Maintenance and Cleaning Requirements: Like any medical equipment, vacuum suction systems require regular maintenance, including cleaning and sterilization to prevent contamination and ensure optimal performance.

9. Cost: Depending on the type and brand, medical vacuum suction units can be expensive to purchase and maintain. This cost can be a limiting factor for smaller healthcare facilities.

10. Regulatory Compliance: Healthcare providers need to ensure that their suction systems comply with local and international regulatory standards, which may require additional resources and documentation.

11. Adaptability to Different Fluids: Some suction systems may be designed for specific types of fluids or materials, which can limit their versatility in certain clinical scenarios.

12. Training and Familiarity: Proper training is essential for healthcare providers to use the system effectively and safely. In emergencies, having personnel who are unfamiliar with the equipment can lead to delays or errors.

Healthcare providers need to be aware of these limitations and take appropriate measures to mitigate them. Regular 

Table Comparing Neptune to Medical Suction

NEPTUNE MEDICAL SUCTION
1. Very strong suction high-level suction is employed in situations where amore powerful suction force is necessary,
such as during surgery.
1.Low-level suction is typically used for sensitive areas or situations where gentle suction is required.
2.No medical spill all fluids is securely contained2.Prone to medical spill and accidents when removing covers to clean
3.Electrically powered 3.vacuumed powered
4.Smoke evacuator.4.No smoke evacuator.
5. Digital fluid and suction display
along with a fluid reset button
5. none
6.Holds more volume of fluids than
regular suction
6.hold limited amounts of fluids
7. powered IV pole7.No IV pole
8.noise8.less noisy
9.Save space and time during surgery9.Takes time to manually clean and set up
10.easy to move from one place to
another due to its wheels
10.carry disposable canister refill
11.Lighted canister11.Canister have no light.
12.Higher cost than regular suction.12.Lower cost.
13.dose not need emptying after every
procedure, has a volume reset feature.
13.Need canisters empty after every procedure ,dose not have a volume reset feature.
Table comparing the Neptune to regular suction.

How dose medical suction work

  1. Vacuum Source: Medical suction devices typically have a vacuum pump or suction generator that creates negative pressure.
  2. Suction Catheter or Tube: A suction catheter or tube is inserted into the area where the suction is needed. This could be the mouth, nose, throat, airway, or a surgical site.
  3. Application of Negative Pressure: When the vacuum source is activated, negative pressure is applied through the suction catheter or tube.
  4. Fluid Removal: The negative pressure created by the vacuum source causes fluids, such as blood, saliva, mucus, or other secretions, to be drawn into the catheter or tube.
  5. Collection Container: The fluids are then collected in a container attached to the suction device, preventing them from re-entering the body.
  6. Regulation and Monitoring: Medical professionals regulate and monitor the suction process to ensure it is effective without causing harm to the patient.

Resources

https://www.safeor.com/products/neptune

https://fda.report/PMN/K153407

https://www.stryker.com/us/en/surgical-technologies/products/neptune-waste-management-system.html

work experiences and training at work to use this equipment


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